3 Pencil Cob corn stalks volunteered in the yard from dropped seed this past year. Though never fertilized or watered it was green and healthy. I detasseled because didn't want it to cross w my sister's sweet corn, It set 2 unpollinated ears apiece except one set 3 ears. I've since found references to nitrogen fixing corn with mucilage/mucigel in the rhizosphere. This substance was clear and sort of slimy/mucilaginous, but frothy with air bubbles.. This grew in Augusta GA. I'm back home in central FL now and plan to grow it this year. Some I will fertilize and some not, and see what happens.
Pencil Cob is my favorite corn so far because it produces well without much input. The husks are so tight it's like they're shrink wrapped, therefore no worm or bug damage. No mold either. It makes delicious cornbread and grits. I'll try some in milk stage this year. It's supposed to be good like that too.
Have any of you noticed this goo on roots of corn you've grown?
Spittle bugs are sure hard to get enthused about but I'm still very enthusiastic about this corn.I couldn't give it the care I should have the year before when I had 50 plants growing in the front yard but it gave me 2 and sometimes 3 decent ears anyway. I only hope it performs somewhere near as well in central FL as it did in Augusta GA. Kind of skeptical since it's nothing but sand here.
In spring you may notice little masses of sticky, frothy bubbles, on various plants in your yard or garden. These white foam blobs are produced by the immatures, or nymphs, of spittlebugs, small insects related to aphids and other true bugs, in the order Hemiptera. Of the 30+ species in North America, the meadow spittlebug, Philaenus spumarius, is one of the most common species in the Midwest. These small insects get their name from the globs of foamy “spit” they create along the stems of plants. They produce the frothy mixture by mixing air with fluid excretions, but not out their mouth, so it technically isn’t spit. The immature bugs feed face down on the stem, and as excess sap is excreted out the anus,
it is mixed with a substance secreted by epidermal glands that enhances surface viscosity and stabilizes the foam to make it last longer. This mixture is forced out of the abdomen under pressure and as it is mixed with air, it forms bubbles. Some species can produce as many as 80 bubbles per minute. The spittlebug moves its abdomen up and down and as the bubbles emerge, it reaches back with its legs and pulls the bubbles forward over its back. The foam serves a number of purposes, protecting the nymph from predators as well as providing insulation from temperature extremes and a low humidity environment so the tender nymph doesn’t desiccate.
Adult spittlebugs, sometimes called froghoppers, resemble stubby leafhoppers and are generally tan to brown or gray. They’re able to hop great distances but rarely fly (even though they do have wings). Meadow spittlebug nymphs are typically a pale green or yellow, while pine spittlebug nymphs are brown. Spittlebugs overwinter as tiny white eggs in plant stems. The eggs hatch in early to mid-spring. Over the next month or two, the nymph feeds within it spittle, molting two to four times. The nymph finally molts to an adult in late spring or early summer, emerging from its froth. Adults continue to feed through the summer, migrating to new hosts as foliage dries out, but are rarely noticed without the conspicuous spit. In late summer to fall, females lay overwintering eggs. There is only one generation each year.
Both the adults and immatures feed on plant sap. Unlike most sucking insects that feed on the phloem, spittlebugs feed on the xylem. The water-carrying xylem is much less nutrient rich than the phloem, so the bugs must process large quantities of sap in order to get the amino acids they require for growth and development. The nymphs survive better on plants with more amino acids in the xylem. Since legumes and other nitrogen-fixing plants have higher amino acid levels than many other plants, spittlebugs are often found on them.
Depending on the species, spittlebugs feed on many types of grasses, weeds, and other herbaceous plants. They are commonly seen on roses, chrysanthemums, Shasta daisies, and goldenrod. Meadow spittlebug feeds on a wide range of plants including alfalfa, clover, strawberries and many garden plants. Pine spittlebug, Aphrophora parallella, is occasionally seen on the foliage of Scotch, Austrian, and white pines, spruces, and firs.
Spittlebugs generally cause little damage to ornamental plants but many people are distressed by the appearance of the spit globs or don’t like getting wet from “bug spit” when picking berries. A strong stream of water will wash the froth away, exposing the nymph to predators or drying out. However, this will not eliminate the insects as they quickly resume frothing once they climb back onto a suitable plant. They can require control on strawberries when numerous (and particularly during dry weather) because their feeding reduces yield and causes stunted fruit. If control on strawberries is necessary, insecticides can be recommended by your local Extension office. The pine spittlebug also requires control if it is numerous because the wounds caused by their feeding result in resinous deposits that can restrict sap flow and allow entry of plant pathogens.
keen101 (Biolumo / Andrew B.): Looking for Goldini Zucchini again. Thinking of setting up my own seed shop for OSSI varieties in the future.
Apr 2, 2022 3:58:57 GMT -5
gratefulseedsaver: I have Goldini seeds. firstname.lastname@example.org
Oct 8, 2022 18:46:12 GMT -5
wilscase: Hello all. My name is Casey Wilson. I'
Oct 18, 2022 21:31:32 GMT -5
wilscase: I'm a graduate student at Oregon State and have been working with populations segrgating for different color genes such as the B gene in Cucurbita. I'm curious if anyone has experience with crosses in Cucurbita maxima between grey blue types and orange?
Oct 18, 2022 21:33:14 GMT -5
wilscase: I have been backcrossing to the grey parent for 4 generations and have finally selfed the heterozygotes (for the Bmax gene) the populations have segregated for diffuse bicolor (pink/blue, orange green), blue green, blue, green, pink (salmon) and orange
Oct 18, 2022 21:36:29 GMT -5
wilscase: The genes involved are Bmax and bl. I have observed that Bmax is incompletely dominant to wild type (green). I have read that bl is incompletely recessive to Bl(wild type). I'm curious if anyone else has observed the behavior of Bmax in a grey/blue type
Oct 18, 2022 21:38:28 GMT -5
wilscase: It appears that bl and Bmax are interacting to produce different shades of salmon and pink.
Oct 18, 2022 21:38:52 GMT -5
wilscase: I'm also interested in any other color genetics, especially the relationships between B and L genes. In the right background these genes can dramatically increase Carotenoids (vitamin A)
Oct 18, 2022 21:40:09 GMT -5
wilscase: I have lots of germplasm and would love to exchange anything that people are interested in
Oct 18, 2022 21:41:56 GMT -5